when was the pantheon built

when was the pantheon built

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The Pantheon was completely reconstructed in 125 AD by Hadrian, a cosmopolitan emperor who had traveled widely in the East. However, to this day it is still the largest unreinforced concrete dome in the world. “The Pantheon” means “Every God” and construction began in 1758 with the intention that the building be a church. Over the course of a century, this original Pantheon evolved into a domed building, so famous that it has been inspiring architects since before the Middle Ages. The first Pantheon was built by Agrippa between 27-25 AD, but unfortunately it was destroyed by a fire in 80 AD. The Pantheon exists today in such amazing form because the Byzantine emperor Phocas gave it to Pope Boniface the IV in A.D 608 and it was used as a church ever since. Original Spiritual Purpose It was dedicated to all the Roman gods. The Pantheon dome is built on a base of 8 barrel vaults that absorb the weight of the dome. The Pantheon in Rome, Italy was built in 126 AD The Pantheon in Paris was built in 1758 and completed in 1790. The Pantheon has been in use since the time it was built. The Pantheon was originally built in 27-25 BC by the magistrate Marcus Agrippa (his name appears on the inscription outside), to commemorate the victory of Actium over Antony and Cleopatra. by Marcus Agrippa but in 80 A.D. it was destroyed by fire. The structure, completed around 126-128 A.D. during the reign of Emperor Hadrian, features a rotunda with a massive domed ceiling that was the largest of its kind when it was built. Today, it is not known what gods were included. The second Pantheon was rebuilt by Emperor Domitian, but it too was destroyed in year 110 AD when it is said it was struck by lightning and burned down. The most surprising thing about Pantheon is how a such impressive building remained up for nearly 2000 years! Origin of the Pantheon in Rome . Architecture of the Pantheon Probably one of the most fascinating features of the Pantheon is the Architecture. … The Pantheon in Rome is a true architectural wonder. 1 The word Pantheon is a Greek adjective meaning “honor all Gods”. It receives the name of Agrippa for having been built where previously, in the year 27 AD, was the Pantheon of Agrippa destroyed by a fire in 80 AD. This original temple burned down in 80 AD.
It was rebuilt by the emperor Hadrianand probably dedicated about 126 AD. The Pantheon (UK: / ˈ p æ n θ i ə n /, US: /-ɒ n /; Latin: Pantheum, from Greek Πάνθειον Pantheion, "[temple] of all the gods") is a former Roman temple, now a Catholic church (Basilica di Santa Maria ad Martyres or Basilica of St. Mary and the Martyrs), in Rome, Italy, on the site of an earlier temple commissioned by Marcus Agrippa during the reign of Augustus (27 BC – 14 AD). The Pantheon as it is known today was actually built on the site of another Pantheon that served as a temple for all the Roman gods. The emperor Hadrian (A.D 117-138) built the existing Pantheon to replace Augustus’ friend and Commander Marcus Agrippa’s Pantheon of 27 B.C. This bustling market square is also home to great restaurants and bars. Originally built as a temple to all of the Roman gods, the Pantheon (originally built around 27 BC) was torn down and rebuilt by emperor Hadrian around 120 AD. The tomb of famous Renaissance artist Raphael can be found in the Pantheon as he was buried there after his death in 1520. History of the Pantheon. It was rebuilt by Emperor Domitian but burned again in 110 A.D. after being struck by lightning. The Pantheon dome, which measures 43.2m, held the record for the largest dome in the world for over 1300 years until Brunelleschi (who studied the Pantheon for inspiration) built the Duomo in Florence. Rebuilt by Emperor Domitian, the second Pantheon was struck by lightning and burned down again in the year 110 (Parker, 2009). Since it was built, it has always been used. It was a rectangular building dedicated to all the Gods of the Greco-Roman Pantheon. The first Pantheon caught fire around 80 A.D. and was rebuilt shortly after, but it was struck by lightning and burned down again around 110 A.D. In fact the pantheon was first built as a temple to all gods. One legend says that the first Roman citizens built the original Pantheon on the very site where the current one still stands in the Campo Marzo – modern Rome’s business district. It was destroyed by a fire in the year 80. The Pantheon in Paris (Le Pantheon), was built as a result of King Louis XV’s determination to create an edifice to the glory of St-Genèvieve, the patron saint of Paris. The Pantheon (meaning "Temple of all the gods") is a building in Rome.It was originally built as a temple to the gods of Ancient Rome, and rebuilt about 126 AD during Hadrian's reign. Pantheon was indeed build by Agrippa. The Pantheon is a church, but it used to be a temple. Stendhal said of the Pantheon, “It’s the most beautiful relic of Roman antiquity.” Photo credits: Roberta Dragan. 5. The original Pantheon was built by Agrippa, Augustus’ most successful general, in 27 BC. The first building was built by Marcus Agrippa around 27 AD to celebrate the victory of his father-in-law, the emperor Augustus, at Actium over Antony and Cleopatra. The Pantheon, Rome, c. 125. The original pendulum was moved a while ago to live permanently at the National Conservatory of Art. Described as the “sphinx of the Campus Martius”—referring to enigmas presented by its appearance and history, and to the location in Rome where it was built—to visit it today is to be almost transported back to the Roman Empire itself. One of the barrel vaults of the Pantheon that carry the weight of the massive dome / Pixabay. Today, it is the oldest most intact ancient Roman building in the world. The original Pantheon was built in 27-25 BC under the Roman Empire, during the third consulship of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, and his name is inscribed on the portico of the building. The first Pantheon was built in 27 B.C. In fact, one of the main reasons it’s so important is that it still has a roof, which is a rarity in itself! The Panthéon (French: [pɑ̃.te.ɔ̃], from the Classical Greek word πάνθειον, pántheion, ('temple to all the gods') is a monument in the 5th arrondissement of Paris, France.It is located in the area known as the Latin Quarter, standing atop the Montagne Sainte-Geneviève, at the center of the Place du Panthéon which was named after it. The emperor Hadrian (A.D 117-138) built the Pantheon to replace Augustus' friend and Commander Marcus Agrippa's Pantheon of 27 B.C. The Pantheon was built as a temple 27 BC. Paris’ Pantheon was originally built as a church dedicated to St. Genevieve, modeled after the Pantheon in Rome, but after many changes now combines liturgical functions with its role as a famous burial place. The hole in the roof gives the Pantheon a nice light. Approximately at the end of the year 118, Hadrian was ordered to build a new temple in the name […] It was dedicated to 12 gods of heaven and focused on Augustus’ cult and Romans believed that Romulus ascended to heaven from this spot. The Pantheon refers to a former temple in ancient Rome which was started in 27 BC, by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa (the mighty vice of Augustus). It was right here in the entrance of the Pantheon that Leon Foucault built his giant pendulum in attempt to show the French how the Earth rotates upon its own axis. The Statue of Athena Parthenos. Architecture of the Pantheon. The Pantheon is the best preserved of all Roman buildings. While the Pantheon was built in Rome to celebrate all the Roman gods, the Parthenon was built in Ancient Greece for the goddess Athena.The Parthenon pre-dates the Pantheon by about six centuries; it was built around 447-438 BCE, while the Pantheon was built in 126 CE. The first fundamental concept is that as you move upwards Pantheon is built with gradually lighter elements. The Pantheon and the Parthenon are both ancient temples. The first building was built by Marcus Agrippa around 27 AD to celebrate the victory of his father-in-law, the emperor Augustus, at Actium over Antony and Cleopatra. The ancients constructed this first Pantheon after Romulus (753-716 BC), their mythological founder, ascended to heaven from that site. The pantheon is one of the most recognized, and oldest monuments still standing in Rome.. The Pantheon in Rome was not built in a day. The Pantheon (Latin Pantheon , from Greek Pantheon , meaning “Every god”) is a building in the Latin Quarter of Paris, France. After its fiery destruction, the Pantheon was reconstructed by Emperor Hadrian somewhere between 118-128 AD. A Brief History of the Pantheon. It is a Roman temple dedicated to all the gods of pagan Rome. 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