romans 16 commentary

romans 16 commentary


That is a wisely simple man that knows not how to do any thing against the truth. II. A pliable temper is good when it is under good government but otherwise it may be very ensnaring and therefore he gives two general rules:-- [1.] 1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon # 16:1 Or servant # 16:1 The word deacon refers here to a Christian designated to serve with the overseers/elders of the church in a variety of ways; similarly in Phil. Some think he especially warns them to take heed of the judaizing teachers, who, under convert of the Christian name, kept up the Mosaical ceremonies, and preached the necessity of them, who were industrious in all places to draw disciples after them, and whom Paul in most of his epistles cautions the churches to take heed of. --he resolves it into the will of God, who is an absolute sovereign, and gives not an account of any of his matters. Assist her in whatsoever business she has need of you. Cenchrea was a small sea-port town adjoining to Corinth, about twelve furlongs distant. Courtesy and Christianity agree well together. (See Hosea 9:10 , Micah 7:1 ). He was one of known integrity and sincerity in his religion, one that had been tried his friends and enemies had tried him, and he was as gold. of In the opening chapter (in fact the opening verse!) Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. But this will hardly be supposed if it be observed that they are divided into two pairs of five each, and that after the first of these pairs it is added, "and the brethren which are with them," while after the second pair we have the words, "and all the saints which are with them." He concludes with a solemn celebration of the glory of God, Romans 16:25-27. Concerning Rufus (Romans 16:13), chosen in the Lord. Timotheus, my work-fellow--"my fellow labourer"; see Acts 16:1-5 . 1. 15 Salute Philologus, and Julia, Nereus, and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints which are with them. Romans 16. 2. Now to him that is of power--more simply, as in Jude 1:24 , "to Him that is able." Though they call themselves Christians, they do not serve Christ do not aim at his glory, promote his interest, nor do his will, whatever they pretend. Such remembrances as these are usual in letters between friends and yet Paul, by the savouriness of his expressions, sanctifies these common compliments. But is now made manifest--The reference here is to that peculiar feature of the Gospel economy which Paul himself was specially employed to carry into practical effect and to unfold by his teaching--the introduction of the Gentile believers to an equality with their Jewish brethren, and the new, and, to the Jews, quite unexpected form which this gave to the whole Kingdom of God (compare Ephesians 3:1-10 , &c.). Five believers are greeted by name in verse 14 and mention is made of the "brethren that are with them." Power to effect without wisdom to contrive, and wisdom to contrive without power to effect, are alike vain and fruitless but both together, and both infinite, make a perfect being. 5. It is a mystery which the angels desire to look into, and cannot find the bottom of. He hath said it, Behold, I come quickly. Salute Rufus, chosen--"the chosen" in the Lord--meaning, not "who is one of the elect," as every believer is, but "the choice" or "precious one" in the Lord. To shun it: "Avoid them. This mystery was kept secret since the world began: chronois aioniois sesigemenou. Those who burden the church with dividing and offending impositions, who uphold and enforce those impositions, who introduce and propagate dividing and offending notions, which are erroneous or justly suspected, who out of pride, ambition, affectation of novelty, or the like, causelessly separate from their brethren, and by perverse disputes, censures, and evil surmisings, alienate the affections of Christians one from another--these cause divisions and offences, contrary to, or different from (for that also is implied, it is para ten didachen), the doctrine which we have learned. Interactive Bible study with John Piper. [1.] Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. They come from various places. It is made known to all nations for the obedience of faith. Oct 8, 2006. 18 For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple. our helper--"fellow labourer" in Christ. 1. 3. Whatever varies from the form of sound doctrine which we have in the scriptures opens a door to divisions and offences. 8. And, (1.) (4.) 1. my beloved in the Lord--an expression of dear Christian affection. "No," says he, "fear not though you cannot overcome in your own strength and wisdom, yet the God of peace will do it for you and through him that loved us we shall be more than conquerors." 1. Sosipater--See Acts 20:4 . They received commandment from the Father to do what they did in preaching the gospel. 2 Welcome her in the Lord as one who is worthy of honor among God’s people. Lest any should find themselves aggrieved, as if Paul had forgotten them, he concludes with the remembrance of the rest, as brethren and saints, though not named. Romans 16:22 "I Tertius, who wrote [this] epistle, salute you in the Lord." This good woman, upon some occasion or other, had been as a mother to Paul, in caring for him, and comforting him and Paul here gratefully owns it, and calls her mother. The caution itself, which is given in the most obliging manner that could be: I beseech you, brethren. Phoebe's position in Romans 16:1 as a reference to a specific office in the church without question. And yet, blessed be God, there is as much of this mystery made plain as will suffice to bring us to heaven, if we do not wilfully neglect so great salvation. 10. (1.) Romans 16:23 "Gaius mine host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. A holy jealousy of our friends may very well comport with a holy joy in them. He had probably accompanied or followed the apostle from Thessalonica to Corinth. To him bear all the prophets witness. of the city--doubtless of Corinth. A caution to take heed of those who caused divisions, Romans 16:17-20. (3) Christians should cheer their own and each other's hearts, amidst the toils and trials of their protracted warfare, with the assurance that it will have a speedy and glorious end; they should accustom themselves to regard all opposition to the progress and prosperity of Christ's cause--whether in their own souls, in the churches with which they are connected, or in the world at large--as just "Satan" in conflict, as ever, with Christ their Lord; and they should never allow themselves to doubt that "the God of peace" will "shortly" give them the neck of their Enemy, and make them to bruise the Serpent's head ( Romans 16:20 ). Very possibly they may have been among the first-fruits of Peter's labors, gained to Christ either on the day of Pentecost or on some of the succeeding days. As in the main body of the epistle he appears to have been a very knowing man, so in these appurtenances of it he appears to have been a very loving man. Though it were so, yet they were in danger from these seducers. It will encourage soldiers when they know the war will be at an end quickly, in such a victory. Paul was as well skilled in the art of obliging as most men. During all the times of the Old-Testament this mystery was comparatively kept secret in the types and shadows of the ceremonial law, and the dark predictions of the prophets, which pointed at it, but so that they could not stedfastly look to the end of those things, 2 Corinthians 3:13. In malice be you children, 1 Corinthians 14:20. Romans 16 Commentary, this commentary, written by 29 eminent scholars, is one of the most-recognized standards of expository commentaries Epænetus, as the first believer in that region called Proconsular Asia, was dear to the apostle. All rights reserved. 9 Salute Urbane, our helper in Christ, and Stachys my beloved. The direction as to both is, first, to "mark" such, lest the evil should be done ere it was fully discovered; and next, to "avoid" them (compare 2 Thessalonians 3:6 2 Thessalonians 3:14 ), so as neither to bear any responsibility for their procedure, nor seem to give them the least countenance. concerning--"unto" evil--"Your reputation among the churches for subjection to the teaching ye have received is to me sufficient ground of confidence in you; but ye need the serpent's wisdom to discriminate between transparent truth and plausible error, with that guileless simplicity which instinctively cleaves to the one and rejects the other.". We preach not ourselves, says Paul, but Christ Jesus the Lord. As the Apostle had before sent his own salutations to many of this church, and that of the churches round him to them all, he here adds an affectionate remembrance of them from some particular persons who were now with him, the better to promote acquaintance and fellowship among distant saints, and that the subscribing of these worthy names, known to them, might the more recommend this epistle. I am glad therefore on your behalf: but yet I would have you wise unto that which is good, and simple concerning evil. He was Paul’s secretary, who wrote this letter as Paul dictated it, who inserts a personal greeting. Our Master had himself foretold that divisions and offences would come, but had entailed a woe on those by whom they come (Matthew 18:7), and against such we are here cautioned. Un Falso Testigo Que Dice Mentiras. I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea, that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a helper of many and of myself also. So the reformed church of Paris might be called the church at Charenton, where they formerly met, out of the city. Observe, They corrupt their heads by deceiving their hearts, pervert their judgments by slyly insinuating themselves into their affections. Chapter 16 in easy commentary format. Thus by good words and fair speeches the serpent beguiled Eve. 2. To be wise unto that which is good, that is, to be skilful and intelligent in the truths and ways of God. This pass, under Paul's hand, could not but recommend her to any Christian church. (2.) It is a very sweet promise (Romans 16:20): The God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet. Through him it is natural to suppose that his wife would be brought in, and that this believing couple, now "heirs together of the grace of life" ( 1 Peter 3:7 ), as they told their two sons, Alexander and Rufus, what honor had unwittingly been put upon their father at that hour of deepest and dearest moment to all Christians, might be blessed to the inbringing of both of them to Christ. IV. Thus it was hid from ages and generations, even among the Jews, much more among the Gentiles that sat in darkness and had no notices at all of it. Romans 16:16, ESV: "Greet one another with a holy kiss.All the churches of Christ greet you." Will not these adversaries of our souls be at length too hard for us?" I. The least piece of service done to the church, and the ministers of the church, shall not pass without a remembrance and a recompence. His estate, and honour, and employment, did not take him off from attending on Paul and laying out himself for the good of the church, it should seem, in the work of the ministry for he is joined with Timothy (Acts 19:22), and is mentioned 2 Timothy 4:20. Commentary on Romans 16:25-27. Both Christ and his apostles had some of their best friends among the devout (and upon that account honourable) women. But this Tertius would have the Romans to know that, far from being a mere scribe, his heart went out to them in Christian affection; and the apostle, by giving his salutation a place here, would show what sort of assistants he employed. The ship that is known to be richly laden is most exposed to privateers. Now observe his description of them, in two things:-- (1.) The wisdom of the serpent becomes Christians, but not the subtlety of the old serpent. To this therefore he subjoins the benediction, The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you--the good-will of Christ towards you, the good work of Christ in you. We read in Mark 15:21 that Simon of Cyrene, who was compelled to bear our Lord's cross, was "the father of Alexander and Rufus." It was much to her honour that Paul left this upon record for wherever this epistle is read her kindness to Paul is told for a memorial of her. Then, what "necessity is laid upon" all the churches and every Christian, to send the Gospel "to every creature!" This will be the best preservative against the snares of heretics, and schismatics, and false teachers. Read Romans 16 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). There may be occasion sometimes to improve our interest in our friends, not only for ourselves, but for others also, interest being a price in the hand for doing good. Do not strike in with any dividing interests, nor embrace any of those principles or practices which are destructive to Christian love and charity, or to the truth which is according to godliness.--Their word will eat as doth a canker." It is the good property of saints to delight in being together and Paul thus joins them together in his salutations to endear them one to another. And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly--The apostle encourages the Romans to persevere in resisting the wiles of the devil with the assurance that, as good soldiers of Jesus Christ, they are "shortly" to receive their discharge, and have the satisfaction of "putting their feet upon the neck" of that formidable enemy--symbol familiar, probably, in all languages to express not only the completeness of the defeat, but the abject humiliation of the conquered foe. 7 Salute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen, and my fellowprisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me. Paul does not pretend to have the monopoly of this discovery, as if he alone knew it no, it is made manifest to many others. When we come to God for spiritual victories, we must not only eye him as the Lord of hosts, whose all power is, but as the God of peace, a God at peace with us, speaking peace to us, working peace in us, creating peace for us. 7. This the apostle calls here a mystery hitherto undisclosed, in what sense Romans 16:27 will show, but now fully unfolded; and his prayer for the Roman Christians, in the form of a doxology to Him who was able to do what he asked, is that they might be established in the truth of the Gospel, not only in its essential character, but specially in that feature of it which gave themselves, as Gentile believers, their whole standing among the people of God. Concerning Epenetus, Romans 16:5. The victory shall be complete: He shall bruise Satan under your feet, plainly alluding to the first promise the Messiah made in paradise (Genesis 3:15), that the seed of the woman should break the serpent's head, which is in the fulfilling every day, while the saints are enabled to resist and overcome the temptations of Satan, and will be perfectly fulfilled when, in spite of all the powers of darkness, all that belong to the election of grace shall be brought triumphantly to glory. Scripture: Romans 16:5–16. Observe, (1.) Amen. For your obedience--that is, tractableness is come abroad unto all. Paul Greets His Friends. These repeated benedictions, which stand for valedictions, speak Paul loth to part. And the design of it is very observable it is for the obedience of faith--that they may believe and obey it, receive it and be rules by it. So he calls Amplias, beloved in the Lord, with true Christian love for Christ's sake and Stachys, his beloved: a sign that Paul had been in the third heaven, he was so much made up of love. "Matthew Henry Complete Commentary on the Whole Bible". Commentary on Luke 1:26-38. I, Tertius, who wrote this--"the" epistle--as the apostle's amanuensis, or penman. These Paul calls his kinsmen not only more largely, as they were Jews, but as they were in blood or affinity nearly allied to him. That power of God which is put forth for the establishment of the saints is and ought to be the matter of our praise, as Jude 1:24, To him that is able to keep you from falling. Observe, Paul bespeaks help for one that had been so helpful to many he that watereth shall be watered also himself. 1. assist her in whatsoever business she hath--"may have" need of you--some private business of her own. This latter statement about Andronicus and Junia seems to throw some light on the preceding one. "Be wise to try the spirits, to prove all things, and then to hold fast that only which is good." Perhaps Epenetus was one of that household or, at least, he was one of the first three not the first alone, but one of the first fleece of Christians, that the region of Achaia afforded. Even though our names will never be in Scripture and none of us will probably be recognized or remembered by the world, God knows your name and you are important to Him. The grace, &c.--a repetition of the benediction precisely as in Romans 16:20 , save that it is here invoked on them "all. Aristobulus and Narcissus themselves, some think, were absent, or lately dead others think they were unbelievers, and such as did not themselves embrace Christianity so Pareus: and some think this Narcissus was the same with one of that name who is frequently mentioned in the life of Claudius, as a very rich man that had a great family, but was very wicked and mischievous.

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