why did germany colonize east africa

why did germany colonize east africa

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Berlin Conference Tasks The initial task of the conference was to agree that the Congo River and Niger River mouths and basins would be considered neutral and open to trade. Both were a major source of unrest everywhere, and have been identified as a chief cause of the uprising in East Africa. Instead, the rising power that was Germany saw Africa as a way to establish itself amongst the other European powers (France, Britain). Countries like Great Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, other powers were losing money, and Africa appeared to be a way out of the depression. Its area was 994,996 km 2 (384,170 sq mi), nearly three times the size of Germany today. Of these 14 nations, France, Germany, Great Britain, and Portugal were the major players in the conference, controlling most of colonial Africa at the time. Towards the end of the 19 th century European countries such as England, France, Spain, Germany, Belgium, and Italy began colonizing Africa which became known as “The Scramble for Africa”. Despite the negative effects suffered from colonization, overall African colonies benefited greatly and were positively influenced from German colonization. These were colonies unsuccessfully settled by Brandenburg-Prussia (part of the Holy Roman Empire realm), after 1701 Kingdom of Prussia, before the foundation of the German Empire in 1871.. Africa. S. Kuss, German Colonial Wars and the Context of Military Violence, tr. Some saw Germany's behavior in South-West Africa as a precursor of German actions in the Holocaust. There were many reasons for the colonization of Africa, including economic, political, and religious motives. To make money out of Africa, Europeans used its many raw goods. While Europeans and Africans had established relationships in a variety of settings for centuries, the 1880s mark a major turning point in European attitudes toward Africa. The boldest among them argued that South-West Africa … By 1916, only in remote jungle regions in East Africa did the German forces hold out. 2–3.Cf. Why did South Africa colonized Namibia? South Africa, which was a British colony, occupied Walvis Bay in 1878, and the rest of Namibia in 1915. he colony came into existence during the 1880s and ended with Imperial Germany's defeat in World War I. Europeans were interested in Africa because of the abundance of raw materials for industries, minerals, cheap labor and to expand their territories. Some of the countries that were especially interested in Africa include Britain, France and Portugal. In colonizing Africa, Germany (as well as other European states) established its own legitimacy. B. Madley, ‘From Africa to Auschwitz: How German South-West Africa Incubated Ideas and Methods Adopted and Developed by the Nazis in Eastern Europe’, European History Quarterly, xxxiii (2005), pp. German East Africa was a German colony in East Africa, which included what are now Burundi, Rwanda and Tanganyika (the mainland part of present Tanzania). A. Smith (Cambridge, MA, 2017), pp. Germany did, in 1885. The 1880s mark the beginning of the colonial period in African history. Why Did Europe Colonize Africa? Probably the most important was economic as a depression was occurring in Europe. Czela and blackirishboy both argue that prestige was important; it was especially important in Germany's case. As imperial Germany began creating an overseas empire in the late 19th century, many influential Germans sought to emulate the example of Great Britain, which had built its large and powerful empire in part by promoting the settlement of immigrants from the British Isles to British-controlled territories in other parts of the world, including East Africa and South Africa. For the colonization of Africa, which was a British colony, occupied Walvis Bay in 1878, the... Colony, occupied Walvis Bay in 1878, and have been identified as chief. Colonization, overall African colonies benefited greatly and were positively influenced from German colonization,,! In 1915 important ; it was especially important in Germany 's case in Europe km 2 ( sq. Interested in Africa include Britain, France and Portugal defeat in World War.... South-West Africa as a precursor of German actions in the Holocaust the German forces hold out 1878. 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